BirthdayMarch 5, 1870

Celebrity biographies

  1. About Rosa Luxemburg

    Full name: Rosa Luxemburg
    Also known as: Rosa Luxemburg, Luxemburg, Rosa
    Education: University of Zurich
    Professions: Polish Marxist theorist, socialist philosopher, and revolutionary
    Religion: Jewish; atheist in later life
    Work: Trotsky on Luxemburg and Liebknecht

  2. Rosa Luxemburg Death information

    Died: Wednesday, 15th of January, 1919 (Age: 48)

  3. Rosa Luxemburg Biography

    Rosa Luxemburg (also Rozalia Luxenburg; Polish: Ró?a Luksemburg; 5 March 1871 – 15 January 1919) was a Marxist theorist, philosopher, economist and revolutionary socialist of Polish Jewish descent who became a naturalized German citizen. She was successively a member of the Social Democracy of the Kingdom of Poland and Lithuania (SDKPiL), the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD), the Independent Social Democratic Party (USPD), and the Communist Party of Germany (KPD).In 1915, after the SPD supported German involvement in World War I, she and Karl Liebknecht co-founded the anti-war Spartakusbund ("Spartacus League") which eventually became the Communist Party of Germany (KPD). During the German Revolution she founded the Die Rote Fahne ("The Red Flag"), the central organ of the Spartacist movement.She considered the 1919 Spartacist uprising a blunder, but supported it after Liebknecht ordered it without her knowledge. When the revolt was crushed by the social democratic government and the Freikorps (World War I veterans who banded together into right-wing paramilitary groups), Luxemburg, Liebknecht and some of their supporters were captured and murdered. Luxemburg was shot and her body thrown in the Landwehr Canal in Berlin.Due to her pointed criticism of both the Marxist-Leninist and more moderate social democrat schools of socialism, Luxemburg has had a somewhat ambivalent reception among scholars and theorists of the political left. Nonetheless, some Marxists came to regard Luxemburg and Liebknecht as martyrs: according to the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution, commemoration of Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht continues to play an important role among the German political left.

  4. Rosa Luxemburg Family

    Spouse: Gustav Lübeck

  5. Sources