BirthdayMarch 12, 1888

Celebrity biographies

  1. About Hans Knappertsbusch

    Full name: Hans Knappertsbusch
    Also known as: Hans Knappertsbusch, Knappertsbusch, Hans
    Professions: Soundtrack, Music Department

  2. Hans Knappertsbusch Known for

    Scream of Stone (1991), Les Cousins (1959), Grandmother, Hitler and I (2001), Philharmonic (1944)

  3. Hans Knappertsbusch Death information

    Died: Monday, 25th of October, 1965 (Age: 77)

  4. Hans Knappertsbusch Biography

    Hans Knappertsbusch (12 March 1888 – 25 October 1965) was a German conductor, best known for his performances of the music of Richard Wagner, Anton Bruckner and Richard Strauss.Knappertsbusch was born in Elberfeld, today's Wuppertal. He studied philosophy at Bonn University and conducting at the Cologne Conservatory with Fritz Steinbach. For a few summers, he assisted Siegfried Wagner and Hans Richter at Bayreuth. He began his career with conducting jobs in Elberfeld (1913-1918), Leipzig (1918-1919) and Dessau (1919-1922). When Bruno Walter left Munich for New York, Knappertsbusch succeeded him as General Music Director of the Bavarian State Orchestra and the Bavarian State Opera, with a lifelong contract. Knappertsbusch later refused to join the Nazi party.In April 1933, Knappertsbusch, along with Richard Strauss and other prominent German musicians, organised the "Protest der Richard-Wagner-Stadt München" (protest of the Richard Wagner city of Munich) in reaction to Thomas Mann's implicitly anti-Nazi interpretation and appreciation of Wagner's works, which they viewed as denigrating and indecent. Knappertsbusch's efforts had the effect of forcing Mann out of Germany until the end of World War II.He incurred the wrath of Joseph Goebbels by asking a German diplomat in the Netherlands whether he was a "Muss-Nazi" (someone who was forced to join the Nazi Party for career reasons): as a result his Munich contract was revoked. Hitler himself was involved in the decision to dismiss him. In 1936 Sir Thomas Beecham invited him to Covent Garden to conduct but his permit to leave Germany was withheld. In the late 1930s he went to Vienna to conduct at the Wiener Staatsoper, thus ignoring the Nazis' policy of not allowing German artists to work in Austria. At the same time he became one of the emerging artists of the Salzburg Festival. Knappertsbusch continued to appear in Vienna and Salzburg during the German occupation of Austria.When World War II ended, Knappertsbusch returned to Munich, but continued to guest conduct in Vienna, as well as to make appearances at the Bayreuth Festival. He conducted the first performances of Der Ring des Nibelungen at the reopening of the Bayreuth Festival in 1951, though only the Götterdämmerung survives. The Parsifal of that year, in which Martha Mödl made her Bayreuth premiere as Kundry, remains among the marquee recordings of that role. Mödl, the preeminent Kundry and Wagner actress of the twentieth century, would go on to sing that role under Knappertsbusch for the rest of the decade. He was one of the favorite conductors of the Wiener Philharmoniker, leading the orchestra in Vienna, Salzburg and on tour abroad, although generally he rarely toured outside the German-speaking world. He disliked long rehearsals, and was sometimes accused of laziness. He was known for conducting very slowly, emphasizing beauty and dignity over liveliness.Knappertsbusch died in Munich in 1965. Many of his recordings, including hi

  5. Hans Knappertsbusch Family

  6. Sources